doctorielts | General Advice: the difference between RISE and RAISE
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General Advice: the difference between RISE and RAISE

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General Advice: the difference between RISE and RAISE

In various sections of both the PTE and IELTS tests, candidates have difficulty using ‘rise’ and ‘raise’ as verbs.  For example:

  • When governments rise taxes, they can generate revenue for essential services, such as health and education.
  • The figure began at 17%, with it raising to 20% five years later.
  • What this does is allow parents to rise their children in a safe environment.
  • Overall, the numbers varied significantly, and in each nation expenditure raised.

 

The errors in these sentences are easily recognisable by the PTE computer and have a negative impact on IELTS examiners.  While both indicate something going or moving up, they are used very differently.  Luckily, however, the rule for each verb is quite simple:

RISE

‘Rise’ is an intransitive verb, which simply means it is not followed by a direct object.  Another way to think about it is that something increases by itself and it is not caused by someone or something.  It is an irregular verb so the past is rose and the past participle is risen.

  • Every morning, the sun rises in the east.
  • It’s impossible to buy a house in Sydney! The prices keep on rising.

NOTE: We don’t use intransitive verbs in the passive voice so never do this with ‘rise’:  The proportion was rised rose significantly from 2% to 7.3% over the period.

RAISE

‘Raise’ is a transitive verb, which means it is always followed by a direct object.  In this case, someone or something makes something move or go up.  It is a regular verb.

  • I’ve stopped shopping at my local butcher’s. He’s always raising his prices.
  • Many people move to big cities to raise their standard of living.

 

Therefore, the correct versions of the sentences at the beginning of the post are:

  • When governments raise taxes, they can generate revenue for essential services, such as health and education.
  • The figure began at 17%, with it rising to 20% five years later.
  • What this does is allow parents to raise their children in a safe environment.
  • Overall, the numbers varied significantly, and in each nation expenditure rose.
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